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Nutrients 2012, 4(9), 1260-1272; doi:10.3390/nu4091260
Article

Body-Related Social Comparison and Disordered Eating among Adolescent Females with an Eating Disorder, Depressive Disorder, and Healthy Controls

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Received: 12 June 2012; in revised form: 28 August 2012 / Accepted: 29 August 2012 / Published: 11 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maladaptive Eating Attitudes in Youth)
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Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between body-related social comparison (BRSC) and eating disorders (EDs) by: (a) comparing the degree of BRSC in adolescents with an ED, depressive disorder (DD), and no psychiatric history; and (b) investigating whether BRSC is associated with ED symptoms after controlling for symptoms of depression and self-esteem. Participants were 75 girls, aged 12–18 (25 per diagnostic group). To assess BRSC, participants reported on a 5-point Likert scale how often they compare their body to others’. Participants also completed a diagnostic interview, Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE). Compared to adolescents with a DD and healthy adolescents, adolescents with an ED engaged in significantly more BRSC (p ≤ 0.001). Collapsing across groups, BRSC was significantly positively correlated with ED symptoms (p ≤ 0.01), and these associations remained even after controlling for two robust predictors of both ED symptoms and social comparison, namely BDI-II and RSE. In conclusion, BRSC seems to be strongly related to EDs. Treatment for adolescents with an ED may focus on reducing BRSC.
Keywords: adolescents; anorexia nervosa; bulimia nervosa; eating disorder; social comparison adolescents; anorexia nervosa; bulimia nervosa; eating disorder; social comparison
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hamel, A.E.; Zaitsoff, S.L.; Taylor, A.; Menna, R.; Grange, D.L. Body-Related Social Comparison and Disordered Eating among Adolescent Females with an Eating Disorder, Depressive Disorder, and Healthy Controls. Nutrients 2012, 4, 1260-1272.

AMA Style

Hamel AE, Zaitsoff SL, Taylor A, Menna R, Grange DL. Body-Related Social Comparison and Disordered Eating among Adolescent Females with an Eating Disorder, Depressive Disorder, and Healthy Controls. Nutrients. 2012; 4(9):1260-1272.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hamel, Andrea E.; Zaitsoff, Shannon L.; Taylor, Andrew; Menna, Rosanne; Grange, Daniel Le. 2012. "Body-Related Social Comparison and Disordered Eating among Adolescent Females with an Eating Disorder, Depressive Disorder, and Healthy Controls." Nutrients 4, no. 9: 1260-1272.


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