Next Article in Journal
Zinc Intake and Its Dietary Sources: Results of the 2007 Australian National Children’s Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey
Previous Article in Journal
Ergogenic Effects of β-Alanine and Carnosine: Proposed Future Research to Quantify Their Efficacy
Nutrients 2012, 4(7), 602-610; doi:10.3390/nu4070602
Article

Consumption of a Diet Rich in Cottonseed Oil (CSO) Lowers Total and LDL Cholesterol in Normo-Cholesterolemic Subjects

,
 and *
Received: 26 April 2012; in revised form: 29 May 2012 / Accepted: 18 June 2012 / Published: 26 June 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [171 KB, uploaded 28 June 2012]
Abstract: Animal data indicates that dietary cottonseed oil (CSO) may lower cholesterol; however, the effects of a CSO-rich diet have not been evaluated in humans. Thirty-eight healthy adults (aged 18–40; 12 males, 26 females) consumed a CSO rich diet (95 g CSO daily) for one week. Anthropometric measurements were obtained, and blood was drawn pre- and post-intervention. Serum lipids (total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), triglyceride (TG), and free fatty acids (FFA)) were assayed. There was no change in weight or waist circumference among participants. There was no change in HDL (Pre: 1.27 ± 0.4 mmol/L; Post: 1.21 ± 0.3 mmol/L) or TG (Pre: 0.91 ± 0.6 mmol/L; Post: 1.06 ± 1.0 mmol/L). Total cholesterol and LDL were reduced (TC Pre: 4.39 ± 0.9 mmol/L; Post: 4.16 ± 0.8 mmol/L; LDL Pre: 2.70 ± 0.8 mmol/L; Post: 2.47 ± 0.6 mmol/L). When data were grouped by sex, total cholesterol was reduced in female participants (Pre: 4.34 ± 0.9 mmol/L; Post: 4.09 ± 0.8 mmol/L). Consumption of a high fat, CSO-rich diet for one week reduced total cholesterol in female participants without reducing HDL.
Keywords: cardiovascular disease; cholesterol; cottonseed oil; lipid profile; triglycerides cardiovascular disease; cholesterol; cottonseed oil; lipid profile; triglycerides
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Davis, K.E.; Prasad, C.; Imrhan, V. Consumption of a Diet Rich in Cottonseed Oil (CSO) Lowers Total and LDL Cholesterol in Normo-Cholesterolemic Subjects. Nutrients 2012, 4, 602-610.

AMA Style

Davis KE, Prasad C, Imrhan V. Consumption of a Diet Rich in Cottonseed Oil (CSO) Lowers Total and LDL Cholesterol in Normo-Cholesterolemic Subjects. Nutrients. 2012; 4(7):602-610.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Davis, Kathleen E.; Prasad, Chandan; Imrhan, Victorine. 2012. "Consumption of a Diet Rich in Cottonseed Oil (CSO) Lowers Total and LDL Cholesterol in Normo-Cholesterolemic Subjects." Nutrients 4, no. 7: 602-610.


Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert