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Does a Low Glycaemic Index (GI) Diet Cost More during Pregnancy?
Department of Nutrition, Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia
School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia
Illawarra Diabetes Services, P.O. Box W58, Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia
Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2012; in revised form: 6 November 2012 / Accepted: 6 November 2012 / Published: 15 November 2012
Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the monetary cost of dietary change among pregnant women before and after receiving low glycaemic index (GI) dietary advice. The pregnant women in this study were a subgroup of participants in the Pregnancy and Glycaemic Index Outcomes (PREGGIO) study. Twenty women from the low GI dietary advice group, who had completed their pregnancies, were randomly chosen. All these women had completed three day food records at 12–16 weeks and again around 36 weeks of gestation. Consumer food prices were applied to recorded dietary intake data. The mean ± SD GI of the diet reduced from 55.1 ± 4.3 to 51.6 ± 3.9 (p = 0.003). The daily cost of the diet (AUD) was 9.1 ± 2.7 at enrolment and 9.5 ± 2.1 prior to delivery was not significantly different (p = 0.52). There were also no significant differences in the daily energy intake (p = 0.2) or the daily cost per MJ (p = 0.16). Women were able to follow low GI dietary advice during pregnancy with no significant increase in the daily costs.
Keywords: GI; glycaemic index; pregnancy; food costs; food cost analysis; food economics; pricing
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Cleary, J.; Casey, S.; Hofsteede, C.; Moses, R.G.; Milosavljevic, M.; Brand-Miller, J. Does a Low Glycaemic Index (GI) Diet Cost More during Pregnancy? Nutrients 2012, 4, 1759-1766.
Cleary J, Casey S, Hofsteede C, Moses RG, Milosavljevic M, Brand-Miller J. Does a Low Glycaemic Index (GI) Diet Cost More during Pregnancy? Nutrients. 2012; 4(11):1759-1766.
Cleary, Jane; Casey, Shelly; Hofsteede, Clare; Moses, Robert G.; Milosavljevic, Marianna; Brand-Miller, Jennie. 2012. "Does a Low Glycaemic Index (GI) Diet Cost More during Pregnancy?" Nutrients 4, no. 11: 1759-1766.