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Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Cognition among Older People with Mild Cognitive Impairment
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood 3125, Victoria, Australia
Academic Unit for Psychiatry of Old Age, St Vincent's Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3052, Australia
Division of Population Sciences, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009, Western Australia, Australia
Western Australia Centre for Health and Ageing, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and Centre for Medical Research, University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009, Western Australia, Australia
School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Crawley 6009, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 August 2012; in revised form: 19 October 2012 / Accepted: 19 October 2012 / Published: 25 October 2012
Abstract: There has been increasing interest in the influence of diet on cognition in the elderly. This study examined the cross-sectional association between dietary patterns and cognition in a sample of 249 people aged 65–90 years with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Two dietary patterns; whole and processed food; were identified using factor analysis from a 107-item; self-completed Food Frequency Questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses showed that participants in the highest tertile of the processed food pattern score were more likely to have poorer cognitive functioning; in the lowest tertile of executive function (OR 2.55; 95% CI: 1.08–6.03); as assessed by the Cambridge Cognitive Examination. In a group of older people with MCI; a diet high in processed foods was associated with some level of cognitive impairment.
Keywords: dietary patterns; cognition; mild cognitive impairment; executive function; memory
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Torres, S.J.; Lautenschlager, N.T.; Wattanapenpaiboon, N.; Greenop, K.R.; Beer, C.; Flicker, L.; Alfonso, H.; Nowson, C.A. Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Cognition among Older People with Mild Cognitive Impairment. Nutrients 2012, 4, 1542-1551.
Torres SJ, Lautenschlager NT, Wattanapenpaiboon N, Greenop KR, Beer C, Flicker L, Alfonso H, Nowson CA. Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Cognition among Older People with Mild Cognitive Impairment. Nutrients. 2012; 4(11):1542-1551.
Torres, Susan J.; Lautenschlager, Nicola T.; Wattanapenpaiboon, Naiyana; Greenop, Kathryn R.; Beer, Christopher; Flicker, Leon; Alfonso, Helman; Nowson, Caryl A. 2012. "Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Cognition among Older People with Mild Cognitive Impairment." Nutrients 4, no. 11: 1542-1551.