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Starches, Sugars and Obesity
NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Department of Physiology and Nutrition, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 January 2011; in revised form: 16 February 2011 / Accepted: 7 March 2011 / Published: 14 March 2011
Abstract: The rising prevalence of obesity, not only in adults but also in children and adolescents, is one of the most important public health problems in developed and developing countries. As one possible way to tackle obesity, a great interest has been stimulated in understanding the relationship between different types of dietary carbohydrate and appetite regulation, body weight and body composition. The present article reviews the conclusions from recent reviews and meta-analyses on the effects of different starches and sugars on body weight management and metabolic disturbances, and provides an update of the most recent studies on this topic. From the literature reviewed in this paper, potential beneficial effects of intake of starchy foods, especially those containing slowly-digestible and resistant starches, and potential detrimental effects of high intakes of fructose become apparent. This supports the intake of whole grains, legumes and vegetables, which contain more appropriate sources of carbohydrates associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases, rather than foods rich in sugars, especially in the form of sugar-sweetened beverages.
Keywords: starch; sugars; obesity; metabolic syndrome; insulin resistance; lipids; hormones; energy intake; energy expenditure; satiety
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MDPI and ACS Style
Aller, E.E.J.G.; Abete, I.; Astrup, A.; Martinez, J.A.; Baak, M.A. Starches, Sugars and Obesity. Nutrients 2011, 3, 341-369.
Aller EEJG, Abete I, Astrup A, Martinez JA, Baak MA. Starches, Sugars and Obesity. Nutrients. 2011; 3(3):341-369.
Aller, Erik E. J. G.; Abete, Itziar; Astrup, Arne; Martinez, J. Alfredo; Baak, Marleen A. van. 2011. "Starches, Sugars and Obesity." Nutrients 3, no. 3: 341-369.