Nutrients 2010, 2(3), 389-407; doi:10.3390/nu2030389
Review

Vitamin D status during Pregnancy and Aspects of Offspring Health

1,* email, 2email, 1email and 1,3email
Received: 18 January 2010; in revised form: 15 March 2010 / Accepted: 17 March 2010 / Published: 23 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers for Vitamins)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Low maternal vitamin D levels during pregnancy have been linked to various health outcomes in the offspring, ranging from periconceptional effects to diseases of adult onset. Maternal and infant cord 25(OH)D levels are highly correlated. Here, we review the available evidence for these adverse health effects. Most of the evidence has arisen from observational epidemiological studies, but randomized controlled trials are now underway. The evidence to date supports that women should be monitored and treated for vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy but optimal and upper limit serum 25(OH)D levels during pregnancy are not known.
Keywords: vitamin D; ultraviolet radiation; sun exposure; pregnancy; offspring health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ponsonby, A.-L.; Lucas, R.M.; Lewis, S.; Halliday, J. Vitamin D status during Pregnancy and Aspects of Offspring Health. Nutrients 2010, 2, 389-407.

AMA Style

Ponsonby A-L, Lucas RM, Lewis S, Halliday J. Vitamin D status during Pregnancy and Aspects of Offspring Health. Nutrients. 2010; 2(3):389-407.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ponsonby, Anne-Louise; Lucas, Robyn M.; Lewis, Sharon; Halliday, Jane. 2010. "Vitamin D status during Pregnancy and Aspects of Offspring Health." Nutrients 2, no. 3: 389-407.

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