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Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 1118; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081118

Metabolic Syndrome among Refugee Women from the West Bank, Palestine: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
2
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), Jerusalem 972, Palestine
3
Irving Institute for Clinical and Translational Research, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
4
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
5
Juzoor for Health and Social Development, Ramallah 970, Palestine
6
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Pediatrics, University Hospital, SE-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 June 2018 / Revised: 13 August 2018 / Accepted: 16 August 2018 / Published: 18 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Vulnerable Groups)
Full-Text   |   PDF [377 KB, uploaded 18 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

This study was carried out among Palestinian refugee women in the West Bank to provide data on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its correlates. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study of 1694 randomly selected refugee women from the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) health centers throughout the West Bank during June and July 2010. In this cohort, 30% of the refugee women were overweight, 39% were obese, and 7% were extremely obese. Based on World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, the age-adjusted prevalence of MetS was 19.8%. The results of the binary logistic regression analysis indicated that older age and younger marital age were significantly associated with an increased likelihood of MetS in the women. The high prevalence of obesity and MetS mandates the implementation of national policies for its prevention, notably by initiating large-scale community intervention programs for 5.2 million refugees in Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria, to tackle obesity and increase the age at marriage. View Full-Text
Keywords: Obesity; metabolic syndrome; refugee; women; Palestine Obesity; metabolic syndrome; refugee; women; Palestine
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Massad, S.G.; Khalili, M.; Karmally, W.; Abdalla, M.; Khammash, U.; Mehari, G.-M.; Deckelbaum, R.J. Metabolic Syndrome among Refugee Women from the West Bank, Palestine: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1118.

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