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Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 900; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070900

Estimation of Salt Intake Assessed by 24-Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion among Somali Adults in Oslo, Norway

1
Department of Community Medicine and Global Health, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, 0315 Oslo, Norway
2
Division of Mental and Physical Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, 0403 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 May 2018 / Revised: 13 June 2018 / Accepted: 11 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
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Abstract

High dietary salt intake is associated with increased blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The migration of Somalis from East Africa to Norway may have altered their dietary habits, making them vulnerable to adverse health outcomes. Since little is known about the lifestyle and health status of this population, the purpose of our study was to estimate salt intake in Somali adults in Oslo, Norway. In this cross-sectional study, we included 161 Somali adults (76 men, 86 women) from the Sagene borough in Oslo, Norway. Sodium and potassium excretion was assessed through the collection of 24-hour urine. Creatinine-based exclusions were made to ensure completeness of urine collections. Sodium excretion corresponding to an estimated dietary salt intake of 8.66 ± 3.33 g/24 h was found in men and 7.39 ± 3.64 g/24 h in women (p = 0.013). An estimated 72% of participants consumed >5 g salt/day. The Na:K ratio was 2.5 ± 1.2 in men and 2.4 ± 1.1 in women (p = 0.665). In conclusion, estimated salt intake was, while above the WHO recommendation, within the lower range of estimated salt intakes globally and in Western Europe. Further research is required to assess the health benefits of sodium reduction in this Somali immigrant population. View Full-Text
Keywords: salt; urinary sodium and potassium excretion; Somali immigrants; 24-hour urine collection; Norway salt; urinary sodium and potassium excretion; Somali immigrants; 24-hour urine collection; Norway
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Chen, S.L.; Dahl, C.; Meyer, H.E.; Madar, A.A. Estimation of Salt Intake Assessed by 24-Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion among Somali Adults in Oslo, Norway. Nutrients 2018, 10, 900.

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