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Nutrients 2018, 10(6), 763; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10060763

Amelioration of Ethanol-Induced Gastric Ulcers in Rats Pretreated with Phycobiliproteins of Arthrospira (Spirulina) Maxima

1
Departamento de Farmacia, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, 07738 Ciudad de México, Mexico
2
Unidad de Servicios de Apoyo en Resolución Analítica, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, 91190 Veracruz, Mexico
3
Departamento de Fisiología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, 07738 Ciudad de México, Mexico
4
Departamento de Morfología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, 11350 Ciudad de México, Mexico
5
Unidad de Genómica, Proteómica y Metabolómica, LaNSE, Cinvestav-IPN, 07360 Ciudad de México, Mexico
6
Departamento de Sistemas Biológicos, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, Calzada del Hueso 1100, Col. Villa Quietud, Coyoacán, Ciudad de México 04960, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 April 2018 / Revised: 6 June 2018 / Accepted: 8 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Bioactive Peptides on Human Health)
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Abstract

Phycobiliproteins of Arthrospira (Spirulina) maxima have attracted attention because of their potential therapeutic antioxidant properties. The aim of this study was to assess the possible antiulcerogenic activity of these phycobiliproteins (ExPhy) against ethanol-induced gastric ulcers in rats. To explore the possible mechanisms of action, we examined antioxidant defense enzymes (e.g., catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase), as well as the level of lipid peroxidation (MDA) and the histopathological changes in the gastric mucosa. Intragastric administration of ExPhy (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg body weight) significantly lowered the ulcer index value compared to the ulcer control group (p < 0.05). The greatest protection was provided by the concentration of 400 mg/kg. The histological study supported the observed gastroprotective activity of ExPhy, showing a reduced inflammatory response. Moreover, the alcohol-induced decrease in stomach antioxidant enzyme activity found in the ulcer control group was prevented by ExPhy pretreatment. Furthermore, ExPhy reversed the ethanol-induced increase in lipid peroxidation. In summary, the antiulcerogenic potential of ExPhy may be due, at least in part, to its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: antiulcerogenic; Arthrospira (Spirulina) maxima; phycobiliproteins; ethanol antiulcerogenic; Arthrospira (Spirulina) maxima; phycobiliproteins; ethanol
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Guzmán-Gómez, O.; García-Rodríguez, R.V.; Quevedo-Corona, L.; Pérez-Pastén-Borja, R.; Rivero-Ramírez, N.L.; Ríos-Castro, E.; Pérez-Gutiérrez, S.; Pérez-Ramos, J.; Chamorro-Cevallos, G.A. Amelioration of Ethanol-Induced Gastric Ulcers in Rats Pretreated with Phycobiliproteins of Arthrospira (Spirulina) Maxima. Nutrients 2018, 10, 763.

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