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Nutrients 2018, 10(5), 566; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10050566

Disparate Habitual Physical Activity and Dietary Intake Profiles of Elderly Men with Low and Elevated Systemic Inflammation

1
School of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, Karies, 42100 Trikala, Greece
2
School of Physical Education and Sports Science, Democritus University of Thrace, 69100 Komotini, Greece
3
First Department of Neurology, Aeginition Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University, 11528 Athens, Greece
4
Institute of Biology, Medicinal Chemistry and Biotechnology, National Hellenic Research Foundation, 116 35 Athens, Greece
5
Institute of Human Performance and Rehabilitation, Centre for Research and Technology—Thessaly (CERETETH), Karies, 42100 Trikala, Greece
6
Faculty of Education Health and Wellbeing, University of Wolverhampton, Walsall 14287, West Midlands, UK
7
Institute of Nutritional Science, Nestlé Research Centre, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
8
Experimental Myology and Integrative Physiology Cluster, Plymouth Marjon University, Plymouth PL6 8BH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 29 April 2018 / Accepted: 1 May 2018 / Published: 4 May 2018
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Abstract

The development of chronic, low-grade systemic inflammation in the elderly (inflammaging) has been associated with increased incidence of chronic diseases, geriatric syndromes, and functional impairments. The aim of this study was to examine differences in habitual physical activity (PA), dietary intake patterns, and musculoskeletal performance among community-dwelling elderly men with low and elevated systemic inflammation. Nonsarcopenic older men free of chronic diseases were grouped as ‘low’ (LSI: n = 17; 68.2 ± 2.6 years; hs-CRP: <1 mg/L) or ‘elevated’ (ESI: n = 17; 68.7 ± 3.0 years; hs-CRP: >1 mg/L) systemic inflammation according to their serum levels of high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP). All participants were assessed for body composition via Dual Emission X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA), physical performance using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and handgrip strength, daily PA using accelerometry, and daily macro- and micronutrient intake. ESI was characterized by a 2-fold greater hs-CRP value than LSI (p < 0.01). The two groups were comparable in terms of body composition, but LSI displayed higher physical performance (p < 0.05), daily PA (step count/day and time at moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) were greater by 30% and 42%, respectively, p < 0.05), and daily intake of the antioxidant vitamins A (6590.7 vs. 4701.8 IU/day, p < 0.05), C (120.0 vs. 77.3 mg/day, p < 0.05), and E (10.0 vs. 7.5 mg/day, p < 0.05) compared to ESI. Moreover, daily intake of vitamin A was inversely correlated with levels of hs-CRP (r = −0.39, p = 0.035). These results provide evidence that elderly men characterized by low levels of systemic inflammation are more physically active, spend more time in MVPA, and receive higher amounts of antioxidant vitamins compared to those with increased systemic inflammation. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; chronic low-grade systemic inflammation; physical activity; nutrition; physical performance; chronic diseases aging; chronic low-grade systemic inflammation; physical activity; nutrition; physical performance; chronic diseases
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Draganidis, D.; Jamurtas, A.Z.; Stampoulis, T.; Laschou, V.C.; Deli, C.K.; Georgakouli, K.; Papanikolaou, K.; Chatzinikolaou, A.; Michalopoulou, M.; Papadopoulos, C.; Tsimeas, P.; Chondrogianni, N.; Koutedakis, Y.; Karagounis, L.G.; Fatouros, I.G. Disparate Habitual Physical Activity and Dietary Intake Profiles of Elderly Men with Low and Elevated Systemic Inflammation. Nutrients 2018, 10, 566.

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