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Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 169; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020169

2015 Health Survey of São Paulo with Focus in Nutrition: Rationale, Design, and Procedures

1
Departamento de Nutrição, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP 01246-904, Brazil
2
Instituto de Saúde, Departamento de Saúde do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP 01314-000, Brazil
3
Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP 01246-904, Brazil
4
Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP 01246-903, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2017 / Revised: 26 January 2018 / Accepted: 30 January 2018 / Published: 1 February 2018
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Abstract

This paper describes the design, sampling methods, and data collection procedures, with particular focus on dietary data, used for the 2015 Health Survey of São Paulo (Inquérito de Saúde de São Paulo, 2015 ISA-Capital) with Focus in Nutrition Study (2015 ISA-Nutrition). The ISA is a household cross-sectional, population-based survey that uses complex, stratified, multistage sampling to create a representative sample of residents from urban São Paulo, Brazil. The 2015 ISA-Nutrition comprised a sub-sample of the 2015 ISA-Capital and intended to include 300 adolescents (aged 12 to 19 years), 300 adults (aged 20 to 59 years), and 300 older adults (aged ≥60 years). From February 2015 to February 2016, 1737 individuals answered the first 24-h dietary recall (24HR), and 901 individuals consented to have their blood sample collected, to undergo anthropometric and blood pressure assessment, and to answer the second 24HR. The 2015 ISA-Nutrition aims to evaluate lifestyle-related modifiable factors in São Paulo’s residents, as well as their association with biochemical and genetic markers, and environmental aspects related to cardiometabolic risk factors. This paper concludes that 2015 ISA-Nutrition may provide valuable insights into the cardiometabolic risk factors in a big city in an upper middle-income country and contribute to the formulation of health and nutritional policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brazil; cardiometabolic risk factors; cross-sectional studies; nutrition surveys; nutrition assessment; epidemiology; biomarkers; life style; population health Brazil; cardiometabolic risk factors; cross-sectional studies; nutrition surveys; nutrition assessment; epidemiology; biomarkers; life style; population health
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Fisberg, R.M.; Sales, C.H.; Fontanelli, M.M.; Pereira, J.L.; Alves, M.C.G.P.; Escuder, M.M.L.; César, C.L.G.; Goldbaum, M. 2015 Health Survey of São Paulo with Focus in Nutrition: Rationale, Design, and Procedures. Nutrients 2018, 10, 169.

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