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Nutrients 2018, 10(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10010005

Effects of Dietary Protein on Thyroid Axis Activity

Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences WULS-SGGW, 159c Nowoursynowska Str., 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
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Received: 15 September 2017 / Revised: 8 December 2017 / Accepted: 18 December 2017 / Published: 22 December 2017
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Abstract

Thyroid hormones (TH) are essential for the normal development and function of every vertebrate. The hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis is regulated to maintain euthyroid status. One of the most influential environmental factors that determines HPT axis activity is nutrition. Both food availability and substrate diversity affect thyroid hormone economy. The present paper aims to summarize literature data concerning the influence of the amount and the type of protein on thyroid axis activity. This review sheds light on the contribution of a low-protein diet or insufficient intake of essential amino acids to TH abnormalities. We believe that the knowledge of these dependencies could improve the results of nutritional interventions in thyroid axis disorders and enhance the efficiency of animal breeding. View Full-Text
Keywords: thyroid hormones; thyroxine; triiodothyronine; thyrotropin; dietary proteins; diet; amino acids thyroid hormones; thyroxine; triiodothyronine; thyrotropin; dietary proteins; diet; amino acids
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Pałkowska-Goździk, E.; Lachowicz, K.; Rosołowska-Huszcz, D. Effects of Dietary Protein on Thyroid Axis Activity. Nutrients 2018, 10, 5.

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