High Precision DEM Generation Algorithm Based on InSAR Multi-Look Iteration
AbstractInterferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) is one of the most sufficient technologies to provide global digital elevation modeling (DEM). It unwraps the interferometric phase to provide observations for phase-to-height conversion. However, the phase gradient has great influence on the phase unwrapping quality, thereby affecting the topographic mapping accuracy. Multi-look processing can improve the reliability of phase unwrapping by reducing the noise phase gradient. Nevertheless, it reduces the spatial resolution while increasing the height phase gradient, thus lowering the reliability of height values. In this paper, we propose a multi-look iteration algorithm to suppress the noise and maintain the reliability of height values. First, we use a large number of looks (NL) to suppress the noise phase gradient and obtain a coarse DEM. Then taking this coarse DEM as a reference, we remove the topographic phase from the interferogram with a small NL, which will reduce height phase gradient and ensure the accuracy of phase unwrapping. Finally, we obtain DEM products with high precision and fine resolution. We validate the proposed algorithm using both simulated and real data, and obtain DEM products in a greatly undulated region using TanDEM-X data. Results show that the proposed method is capable of providing DEM with resolution of 4 m and accuracy of 1.73 m. View Full-Text
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Gao, X.; Liu, Y.; Li, T.; Wu, D. High Precision DEM Generation Algorithm Based on InSAR Multi-Look Iteration. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 741.
Gao X, Liu Y, Li T, Wu D. High Precision DEM Generation Algorithm Based on InSAR Multi-Look Iteration. Remote Sensing. 2017; 9(7):741.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gao, Xiaoming; Liu, Yaolin; Li, Tao; Wu, Danqin. 2017. "High Precision DEM Generation Algorithm Based on InSAR Multi-Look Iteration." Remote Sens. 9, no. 7: 741.
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