Sea Ice Concentration Estimation during Freeze-Up from SAR Imagery Using a Convolutional Neural Network
AbstractIn this study, a convolutional neural network (CNN) is used to estimate sea ice concentration using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) scenes acquired during freeze-up in the Gulf of St. Lawrence on the east coast of Canada. The ice concentration estimates from the CNN are compared to those from a neural network (multi-layer perceptron or MLP) that uses hand-crafted features as input and a single layer of hidden nodes. The CNN is found to be less sensitive to pixel level details than the MLP and produces ice concentration that is less noisy and in closer agreement with that from image analysis charts. This is due to the multi-layer (deep) structure of the CNN, which enables abstract image features to be learned. The CNN ice concentration is also compared with ice concentration estimated from passive microwave brightness temperature data using the ARTIST sea ice (ASI) algorithm. The bias and RMS of the difference between the ice concentration from the CNN and that from image analysis charts is reduced as compared to that from either the MLP or ASI algorithm. Additional results demonstrate the impact of varying the input patch size, varying the number of CNN layers, and including the incidence angle as an additional input. View Full-Text
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Wang, L.; Scott, K.A.; Clausi, D.A. Sea Ice Concentration Estimation during Freeze-Up from SAR Imagery Using a Convolutional Neural Network. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 408.
Wang L, Scott KA, Clausi DA. Sea Ice Concentration Estimation during Freeze-Up from SAR Imagery Using a Convolutional Neural Network. Remote Sensing. 2017; 9(5):408.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Lei; Scott, K. A.; Clausi, David A. 2017. "Sea Ice Concentration Estimation during Freeze-Up from SAR Imagery Using a Convolutional Neural Network." Remote Sens. 9, no. 5: 408.