Spaceborne GNSS-R from the SMAP Mission: First Assessment of Polarimetric Scatterometry over Land and Cryosphere
AbstractThis work describes the first global scale assessment of a Global Navigation Satellite Systems Reflectometry (GNSS-R) experiment performed on-board the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission for soil moisture and biomass determination. Scattered GPS L2 signals (1227.6 MHz) were collected by the SMAP’s dual-polarization (Horizontal H and Vertical V) radar receiver and then processed on-ground using a known replica of the GPS L2C code. The scattering properties over land are evaluated using the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR), the Polarimetric Ratio (PR), and the width of the waveforms’ trailing and leading edges. These parameters show sensitivity to the effects of the Earth’s topography and Above Ground Biomass (ABG) even over Amazonian and Boreal forests. These effects are shown to be an important factor in precise soil moisture and biomass determination. Additionally, it is found that PR shows sensitivity to soil moisture content over different land cover types. In particular, the following values of the PR are found over: (a) tropical forests ~−1.2 dB; (b) boreal forests ~0.8 dB; (c) Greenland ~2.8 dB; and (d) the Sahara Desert ~3.2 dB. View Full-Text
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Carreno-Luengo, H.; Lowe, S.; Zuffada, C.; Esterhuizen, S.; Oveisgharan, S. Spaceborne GNSS-R from the SMAP Mission: First Assessment of Polarimetric Scatterometry over Land and Cryosphere. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 362.
Carreno-Luengo H, Lowe S, Zuffada C, Esterhuizen S, Oveisgharan S. Spaceborne GNSS-R from the SMAP Mission: First Assessment of Polarimetric Scatterometry over Land and Cryosphere. Remote Sensing. 2017; 9(4):362.Chicago/Turabian Style
Carreno-Luengo, Hugo; Lowe, Stephen; Zuffada, Cinzia; Esterhuizen, Stephan; Oveisgharan, Shadi. 2017. "Spaceborne GNSS-R from the SMAP Mission: First Assessment of Polarimetric Scatterometry over Land and Cryosphere." Remote Sens. 9, no. 4: 362.
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