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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(3), 207; doi:10.3390/rs9030207

Estimation of Downwelling Surface Longwave Radiation under Heavy Dust Aerosol Sky

1,2
,
1,2,* , 1,2
,
1,2
and
1,2,3
1
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System (LREIS), Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Key Laboratory of Agri-Informatics, Ministry of Agriculture/Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 12 December 2016 / Revised: 13 February 2017 / Accepted: 22 February 2017 / Published: 25 February 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5763 KB, uploaded 25 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

The variation of aerosols, especially dust aerosol, in time and space plays an important role in climate forcing studies. Aerosols can effectively reduce land surface longwave emission and re-emit energy at a colder temperature, which makes it difficult to estimate downwelling surface longwave radiation (DSLR) with satellite data. Using the latest atmospheric radiative transfer code (MODTRAN 5.0), we have simulated the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) and DSLR under different land surface types and atmospheric profile conditions. The results show that dust aerosol has an obvious “warming” effect to longwave radiation compared with other aerosols; that aerosol longwave radiative forcing (ALRF) increased with the increasing of aerosol optical depth (AOD); and that the atmospheric water vapor content (WVC) is critical to the understanding of ALRF. A method is proposed to improve the accuracy of DSLR estimation from satellite data for the skies under heavy dust aerosols. The AOD and atmospheric WVC under cloud-free conditions with a relatively simple satellite-based radiation model yielding the high accurate DSLR under heavy dust aerosol are used explicitly as model input to reduce the effects of dust aerosol on the estimation of DSLR. Validations of the proposed model with satellites data and field measurements show that it can estimate the DSLR accurately under heavy dust aerosol skies. The root mean square errors (RMSEs) are 20.4 W/m2 and 24.2 W/m2 for Terra and Aqua satellites, respectively, at the Yingke site, and the biases are 2.7 W/m2 and 9.6 W/m2, respectively. For the Arvaikheer site, the RMSEs are 23.2 W/m2 and 19.8 W/m2 for Terra and Aqua, respectively, and the biases are 7.8 W/m2 and 10.5 W/m2, respectively. The proposed method is especially applicable to acquire relatively high accurate DSLR under heavy dust aerosol using MODIS data with available WVC and AOD data. View Full-Text
Keywords: downwelling surface longwave radiation (DSLR); dust aerosol; aerosol optical depth (AOD); MODIS downwelling surface longwave radiation (DSLR); dust aerosol; aerosol optical depth (AOD); MODIS
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, C.; Tang, B.-H.; Wu, H.; Tang, R.; Li, Z.-L. Estimation of Downwelling Surface Longwave Radiation under Heavy Dust Aerosol Sky. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 207.

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