Investigation of Potential Volcanic Risk from Mt. Baekdu by DInSAR Time Series Analysis and Atmospheric Correction
AbstractMt. Baekdu is a volcano near the North Korea-Chinese border that experienced a few destructive eruptions over the course of its history, including the well-known 1702 A.D eruption. However, signals of unrest, including seismic activity, gas emission and intense geothermal activity, have been occurring with increasing frequency over the last few years. Due to its close vicinity to a densely populated area and the high magnitude of historical volcanic eruptions, its potential for destructive volcanic activity has drawn wide public attention. However, direct field surveying in the area is limited due to logistic challenges. In order to compensate for the limited coverage of ground observations, comprehensive measurements using remote sensing techniques are required. Among these techniques, Differential Interferometric SAR (DInSAR) analysis is the most effective method for monitoring surface deformation and is employed in this study. Through advanced atmospheric error correction and time series analysis, the accuracy of the detected displacements was improved. As a result, clear uplift up to 20 mm/year was identified around Mt. Baekdu and was further used to estimate the possible deformation source, which is considered as a consequence of magma and fault interaction. Since the method for tracing deformation was proved feasible, continuous DInSAR monitoring employing upcoming SAR missions and advanced error regulation algorithms will be of great value in monitoring comprehensive surface deformation over Mt. Baekdu and in general world-wide active volcanoes. View Full-Text
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Kim, J.-R.; Lin, S.-Y.; Yun, H.-W.; Tsai, Y.-L.; Seo, H.-J.; Hong, S.; Choi, Y. Investigation of Potential Volcanic Risk from Mt. Baekdu by DInSAR Time Series Analysis and Atmospheric Correction. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 138.
Kim J-R, Lin S-Y, Yun H-W, Tsai Y-L, Seo H-J, Hong S, Choi Y. Investigation of Potential Volcanic Risk from Mt. Baekdu by DInSAR Time Series Analysis and Atmospheric Correction. Remote Sensing. 2017; 9(2):138.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kim, Jung-Rack; Lin, Shih-Yuan; Yun, Hye-Won; Tsai, Ya-Lun; Seo, Hwa-Jung; Hong, Sungwook; Choi, YunSoo. 2017. "Investigation of Potential Volcanic Risk from Mt. Baekdu by DInSAR Time Series Analysis and Atmospheric Correction." Remote Sens. 9, no. 2: 138.
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