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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(2), 121; doi:10.3390/rs9020121

Different Patterns in Daytime and Nighttime Thermal Effects of Urbanization in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Urban Agglomeration

1
Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Satellite Environment Center, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100094, China
4
Collaborative Innovation Center for the “Three Modernization” Harmonious Development of Central Plains Economic Region, The College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
5
School of Water Conservancy & Environment, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
6
Department of Microbiology and Plant Biology, and Center for Spatial Analysis, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 27 January 2017 / Published: 1 February 2017
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Abstract

Surface urban heat island (SUHI) in the context of urbanization has gained much attention in recent decades; however, the seasonal variations of SUHI and their drivers are still not well documented. In this study, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) urban agglomeration, one of the most typical areas experiencing drastic urbanization in China, was selected to study the SUHI intensity (SUHII) based on remotely sensed land surface temperature (LST) data. Pure and unchanged urban and rural pixels from 2000 to 2010 were chosen to avoid non-concurrency between land cover data and LST data and to estimate daytime and nighttime thermal effects of urbanization. Different patterns of the seasonal variations were found in daytime and nighttime SUHIIs. Specifically, the daytime SUHII in summer (4 °C) was more evident than in other seasons while a cold island phenomenon was found in winter; the nighttime SUHII was always positive and higher than the daytime one in all the seasons except summer. Moreover, we found the highest daytime SUHII in August, which is the growing peak stage of summer maize, while nighttime SUHII showed a trough in the same month. Seasonal variations of daytime SUHII showed higher significant correlations with the seasonal variations of ∆LAI (leaf area index) (R2 = 0.81, r = −0.90) compared with ∆albedo (R2 = 0.61, r = −0.78) and background daytime LST (R2 = 0.69, r = 0.83); moreover, agricultural practices (double-cropping system) played an important role in the seasonal variations of daytime SUHII. Seasonal variations of the nighttime SUHII did not show significant correlations with either of seasonal variations of ∆LAI, ∆albedo, and background nighttime LST, which implies different mechanisms in nighttime SUHII variation needing future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Urban heat island; land surface temperature; land use change; albedo; LAI; urbanization Urban heat island; land surface temperature; land use change; albedo; LAI; urbanization
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Zhao, G.; Dong, J.; Liu, J.; Zhai, J.; Cui, Y.; He, T.; Xiao, X. Different Patterns in Daytime and Nighttime Thermal Effects of Urbanization in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Urban Agglomeration. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 121.

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