Deformable ConvNet with Aspect Ratio Constrained NMS for Object Detection in Remote Sensing Imagery
AbstractConvolutional neural networks (CNNs) have demonstrated their ability object detection of very high resolution remote sensing images. However, CNNs have obvious limitations for modeling geometric variations in remote sensing targets. In this paper, we introduced a CNN structure, namely deformable ConvNet, to address geometric modeling in object recognition. By adding offsets to the convolution layers, feature mapping of CNN can be applied to unfixed locations, enhancing CNNs’ visual appearance understanding. In our work, a deformable region-based fully convolutional networks (R-FCN) was constructed by substituting the regular convolution layer with a deformable convolution layer. To efficiently use this deformable convolutional neural network (ConvNet), a training mechanism is developed in our work. We first set the pre-trained R-FCN natural image model as the default network parameters in deformable R-FCN. Then, this deformable ConvNet was fine-tuned on very high resolution (VHR) remote sensing images. To remedy the increase in lines like false region proposals, we developed aspect ratio constrained non maximum suppression (arcNMS). The precision of deformable ConvNet for detecting objects was then improved. An end-to-end approach was then developed by combining deformable R-FCN, a smart fine-tuning strategy and aspect ratio constrained NMS. The developed method was better than a state-of-the-art benchmark in object detection without data augmentation. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Xu, Z.; Xu, X.; Wang, L.; Yang, R.; Pu, F. Deformable ConvNet with Aspect Ratio Constrained NMS for Object Detection in Remote Sensing Imagery. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 1312.
Xu Z, Xu X, Wang L, Yang R, Pu F. Deformable ConvNet with Aspect Ratio Constrained NMS for Object Detection in Remote Sensing Imagery. Remote Sensing. 2017; 9(12):1312.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xu, Zhaozhuo; Xu, Xin; Wang, Lei; Yang, Rui; Pu, Fangling. 2017. "Deformable ConvNet with Aspect Ratio Constrained NMS for Object Detection in Remote Sensing Imagery." Remote Sens. 9, no. 12: 1312.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.