On-Orbit Radiometric Calibration for a Space-Borne Multi-Camera Mosaic Imaging Sensor
AbstractAs the core and foundational technology, on-orbit radiometric calibration of a space-borne sensor is of great importance for quantitative remote sensing applications. As for the space-borne multi-camera mosaic imaging sensor, however, the currently available on-orbit radiometric calibration method cannot carry out the integrated processing of on-orbit absolute radiometric calibration and relative radiometric correction simultaneously between cameras, influencing the accuracy of quantitative applications. Therefore, taking the GaoFen-1 (GF-1) wide-field-of-view (WFV) sensor as an example in this research, an innovative on-orbit radiometric calibration method is proposed to overcome this bottleneck. Firstly, according to the principle of the cross-calibration approach, we retrieve valid MODIS and GF-1 WFV image pairs over the Dunhuang radiometric calibration sites (DRCS) in China by using a set of criteria and extract the radiometric control points (RCPs) connecting in both images. Secondly, the DEM-aided block adjustment of the rational function model is applied to eliminate the geometrical misalignment of GF-1 WFV images at the same orbit. Then, the average digital numbers of spectral and spatial homogeneous surfaces are calculated and chosen as the radiometric tie points (RTPs) extracted from the overlapping region of the adjacent WFV cameras. Thirdly, the radiometric block adjustment (RBA) algorithm is introduced into on-orbit radiometric calibration of the space-borne multi-camera mosaic imaging sensor. Finally, the radiometric calibration coefficients are solved by the least square method. The validation results indicate that our proposed method can acquire high absolute radiometric calibration accuracy and achieve relative radiometric correction between cameras. Compared with the results using the cross-calibration method to calibrate each WFV camera independently, the advantages of RBA are presented. In addition, the uncertainties caused by RCPs’ distribution are discussed, which is beneficial to further optimize the calibration program. View Full-Text
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Xie, Y.; Han, J.; Gu, X.; Liu, Q. On-Orbit Radiometric Calibration for a Space-Borne Multi-Camera Mosaic Imaging Sensor. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 1248.
Xie Y, Han J, Gu X, Liu Q. On-Orbit Radiometric Calibration for a Space-Borne Multi-Camera Mosaic Imaging Sensor. Remote Sensing. 2017; 9(12):1248.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xie, Yong; Han, Jie; Gu, Xingfa; Liu, Qiyue. 2017. "On-Orbit Radiometric Calibration for a Space-Borne Multi-Camera Mosaic Imaging Sensor." Remote Sens. 9, no. 12: 1248.
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