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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(12), 1210; doi:10.3390/rs9121210

New Scheme for Validating Remote-Sensing Land Surface Temperature Products with Station Observations

1
Chongqing Engineering Research Center for Remote Sensing Big Data Application, School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, No. 2 Tiansheng Road, Beibei District, Chongqing 400715, China
2
ICube, Uds, CNRS (UMR7357), 300 Bld Sebastien-Brant, CS10413, 67412 Illkirch, France
3
Heihe Remote Sensing Experimental Research Station, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Donggang West Road, Lanzhou 730000, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 September 2017 / Revised: 10 November 2017 / Accepted: 20 November 2017 / Published: 24 November 2017
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Abstract

Continuous land-surface temperature (LST) observations from ground-based stations are an important reference dataset for validating remote-sensing LST products. However, a lack of evaluations of the representativeness of station observations limits the reliability of validation results. In this study, a new practical validation scheme is presented for validating remote-sensing LST products that includes a key step: assessing the spatial representativeness of ground-based LST measurements. Three indicators, namely, the dominant land-cover type (DLCT), relative bias (RB), and average structure scale (ASS), are established to quantify the representative levels of station observations based on the land-cover type (LCT) and LST reference maps with high spatial resolution. We validated MODIS LSTs using station observations from the Heihe River Basin (HRB) in China. The spatial representative evaluation steps show that the representativeness of observations greatly differs among stations and varies with different vegetation growth and other factors. Large differences in the validation results occur when using different representative level observations, which indicates a large potential for large error during the traditional T-based validation scheme. Comparisons show that the new validation scheme greatly improves the reliability of LST product validation through high-level representative observations. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial representativeness; heterogeneity; validation; land-surface temperature products (LSTs); observations; HiWATER; remote sensing spatial representativeness; heterogeneity; validation; land-surface temperature products (LSTs); observations; HiWATER; remote sensing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, W.; Ma, M.; Li, Z.; Tan, J.; Wu, A. New Scheme for Validating Remote-Sensing Land Surface Temperature Products with Station Observations. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 1210.

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