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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(1), 41; doi:10.3390/rs9010041

Inside a Cucuteni Settlement: Remote Sensing Techniques for Documenting an Unexplored Eneolithic Site from Northeastern Romania

Interdisciplinary Research Department—Field Science, Arheoinvest Platform, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, St. Lascăr Catargi 54, 700107 Iași, Romania
Academic Editors: Kenneth L. Kvamme, Richard Gloaguen and Pradad S. Thenkabail
Received: 8 September 2016 / Revised: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 28 December 2016 / Published: 6 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Archaeological Prospecting and Remote Sensing)
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Abstract

This paper presents recent results of an integrated non-invasive investigation carried out in a previously unexplored settlement from northeastern Romania, belonging to the last great Eneolithic civilisation of Old Europe, the Cucuteni-Trypillia cultural complex. Although there is a long history of research concerning this culture, at only a handful of sites has archaeological research completed a comprehensive planimetric image. This makes it impossible to determine a typological evolution of the internal organisation of Cucutenian sites, both diachronically, across the three great phases of the culture (A, A−B and B for the Romanian area), and spatially, from SE Transylvania to the Republic of Moldova, and towards the steppes of the Ukraine. Accordingly, in certain environmental conditions, many essential behavioural aspects of Cucutenian communities are far from understood. Consequently, the generalisation and integration of non-invasive prospecting methods—Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), aerial photography, earth resistivity, magnetometry, and their integration through Geographic Information System (GIS)—clearly represents a feasible alternative for deciphering the Cucuteni culture. These complementary investigation methods were applied for this case study, emphasis being put on the conjoint use of datasets from each technique. On the basis of results recently obtained from the Războieni–Dealul Mare/Dealul Boghiu site, innovative characteristics are described concerning intra-site spatial organisation, a typology of the fortification systems, the existence of ritual or delimitation ditches, and the presence of habitations outside fortified areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: ALS data; aerial images; geophysics; Eneolithic; intra-site spatial organisation; Cucuteni-Trypillia cultural complex; northeastern Romania ALS data; aerial images; geophysics; Eneolithic; intra-site spatial organisation; Cucuteni-Trypillia cultural complex; northeastern Romania
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Asăndulesei, A. Inside a Cucuteni Settlement: Remote Sensing Techniques for Documenting an Unexplored Eneolithic Site from Northeastern Romania. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 41.

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