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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(1), 23; doi:10.3390/rs9010023

Improving the Downscaling of Diurnal Land Surface Temperatures Using the Annual Cycle Parameters as Disaggregation Kernels

1
Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, Athens GR-15236, Greece
2
School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens GR-15780, Greece
3
Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability, University of Hamburg, Hamburg DE-20146, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zhaoliang Li and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 14 November 2016 / Revised: 22 December 2016 / Accepted: 28 December 2016 / Published: 30 December 2016
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Abstract

The downscaling of geostationary diurnal thermal data can ease the lack of land surface temperature (LST) datasets that combine high spatial and temporal resolution. However, the downscaling of diurnal LST data is more demanding than single scenes. This is because the spatiotemporal interrelationships of the original LST data have to be preserved and accurately reproduced by the downscaled LST (DLST) data. To that end, LST disaggregation kernels/predictors that provide information about the spatial distribution of LST during different times of a day can prove especially useful. Such LST predictors are the LST Annual Cycle Parameters (ACPs). In this work, multitemporal ACPs are employed for downscaling daytime and nighttime ~4 km geostationary LST from SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager) down to 1 km. The overall goal is to assess if the use of the ACPs can improve the estimation of the diurnal range of DLST (daytime DLST minus nighttime DLST). The evaluation is performed by comparing the DLST diurnal range maps with reference data from MODIS (Moderate Imaging Spectroradiometer) and also with data retrieved from a modified version of the TsHARP (Thermal Sharpening) algorithm. The results suggest that the ACPs increase the downscaling performance, improve the estimation of diurnal DLST range and produce more accurate spatial patterns. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal remote sensing; land surface temperature; LST disaggregation; LST downscaling; diurnal temperature range; annual cycle parameters; SEVIRI; MODIS thermal remote sensing; land surface temperature; LST disaggregation; LST downscaling; diurnal temperature range; annual cycle parameters; SEVIRI; MODIS
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sismanidis, P.; Keramitsoglou, I.; Bechtel, B.; Kiranoudis, C.T. Improving the Downscaling of Diurnal Land Surface Temperatures Using the Annual Cycle Parameters as Disaggregation Kernels. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 23.

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