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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(9), 728; doi:10.3390/rs8090728

Environmental Concerns of Deforestation in Myanmar 2001–2010

School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
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Academic Editors: Krishna Prasad Vadrevu, Clement Atzberge and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 11 June 2016 / Revised: 25 August 2016 / Accepted: 30 August 2016 / Published: 2 September 2016
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Abstract

Deforestation in Myanmar has recently attracted much attention worldwide. This study examined spatio-temporal patterns of deforestation and forest carbon flux in Myanmar from 2001 to 2010 and environmental impacts at the regional scale using land products of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The results suggest that the total deforestation area in Myanmar was 21,178.8 km2, with an annual deforestation rate of 0.81%, and that the total forest carbon release was 20.06 million tons, with an annual rate of 0.37%. Mangrove forests had the highest deforestation and carbon release rates, and deciduous forests had both the largest deforestation area and largest amount of carbon release. During the study period, the south and southwestern regions of Myanmar, especially Ayeyarwady and Rakhine, were deforestation hotspots (i.e., the highest deforestation and carbon release rates occurred in these regions). Deforestation caused significant carbon release, reduced evapotranspiration (ET), and increased land surface temperatures (LSTs) in deforested areas in Myanmar during the study period. Constructive policy recommendations are put forward based on these research results. View Full-Text
Keywords: Myanmar; deforestation; carbon release; land surface temperature; evapotranspiration Myanmar; deforestation; carbon release; land surface temperature; evapotranspiration
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, C.; Myint, S.W. Environmental Concerns of Deforestation in Myanmar 2001–2010. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 728.

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