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Correction published on 21 September 2016, see Remote Sens. 2016, 8(9), 784.

Open AccessArticle
Remote Sens. 2016, 8(8), 649; doi:10.3390/rs8080649

Time-Dependent Afterslip of the 2009 Mw 6.3 Dachaidan Earthquake (China) and Viscosity beneath the Qaidam Basin Inferred from Postseismic Deformation Observations

1
School of Geodesy and Geomatics, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment and Geodesy, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
3
Collaborative Innovation Center for Geospatial Technology, Wuhan 430079, China
4
COMET, School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
5
Department of Geodesy, National Geomatics Center of China, Beijing 100048, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Roberto Tomas, Salvatore Stramondo and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 30 June 2016 / Revised: 31 July 2016 / Accepted: 3 August 2016 / Published: 10 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Earth Observations for Geohazards)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6574 KB, uploaded 22 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

The 28 August 2009 Mw 6.3 Dachaidan (DCD) earthquake occurred at the Qaidam Basin’s northern side. To explain its postseismic deformation time series, the method of modeling them with a combination model of afterslip and viscoelastic relaxation is improved to simultaneously assess the time-dependent afterslip and the viscosity. The coseismic slip model in the layered model is first inverted, showing a slip pattern close to that in the elastic half-space. The postseismic deformation time series can be explained by the combination model, with a total root mean square (RMS) misfit of 0.37 cm. The preferred time-dependent afterslip mainly occurs at a depth from the surface to about 9.1 km underground and increases with time, indicating that afterslip will continue after 28 July 2010. By 334 days after the main shock, the moment released by the afterslip is 0.91 × 1018 N∙m (Mw 5.94), approximately 24.3% of that released by the coseismic slip. The preferred lower bound of the viscosity beneath the Qaidam Basin’s northern side is 1 × 1019 Pa·s, close to that beneath its southern side. This result also indicates that the viscosity structure beneath the Tibet Plateau may vary laterally. View Full-Text
Keywords: afterslip; the 2009 Dachaidan earthquake; viscosity; the Qaidam Basin; postseismic deformation; InSAR afterslip; the 2009 Dachaidan earthquake; viscosity; the Qaidam Basin; postseismic deformation; InSAR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Xu, C.; Li, Z.; Wen, Y.; Chen, J.; Li, Z. Time-Dependent Afterslip of the 2009 Mw 6.3 Dachaidan Earthquake (China) and Viscosity beneath the Qaidam Basin Inferred from Postseismic Deformation Observations. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 649.

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