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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(8), 624; doi:10.3390/rs8080624

Landslide Displacement Monitoring by a Fully Polarimetric SAR Offset Tracking Method

1
School of Geosciences and Info-Physics, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
China Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Company, Wuhan 430063, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Roberto Tomas, Zhenhong Li, Richard Gloaguen and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 2 May 2016 / Revised: 3 July 2016 / Accepted: 21 July 2016 / Published: 28 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Earth Observations for Geohazards)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [10210 KB, uploaded 28 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Landslide monitoring is important for geological disaster prevention, where Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images have been widely used. Compared with the Interferometric SAR (InSAR) technique, intensity-based offset tracking methods (e.g., Normalized Cross-Correlation method) can overcome the limitation of InSAR’s maximum detectable displacement. The normalized cross-correlation (NCC) method, based on single-channel SAR images, estimates azimuth and range displacement by using statistical correlation between the matching windows of two SAR images. However, the matching windows—especially for the boundary area of landslide—always contain pixels with different moving characteristics, affecting the precision of displacement estimation. Based on the advantages of polarimetric scattering properties, this paper proposes a fully polarimetric SAR (PolSAR) offset tracking method for improvement of the precision of landslide displacement estimation. The proposed method uses the normalized inner product (NIP) of the two temporal PolSAR Pauli scattering vectors to evaluate their similarity, then retrieve the surface displacement of the Slumgullion landslide located in southwestern Colorado, USA. A pair of L-band fully polarimetric SAR images acquired by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar (UAVSAR) system are selected for experiment. The results show that the Slumgullion landslide’s moving velocity during the monitoring time ranges between 1.6–10.9 mm/d, with an average velocity of 6.3 mm/d. Compared with the classical NCC method, results of the proposed method present better performance in the sub-pixel estimation. Furthermore, it performs better when estimating displacement in the area around the landslide boundaries. View Full-Text
Keywords: landslide monitoring; displacement; offset tracking; PolSAR landslide monitoring; displacement; offset tracking; PolSAR
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, C.; Mao, X.; Wang, Q. Landslide Displacement Monitoring by a Fully Polarimetric SAR Offset Tracking Method. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 624.

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