Development of a Class-Based Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis (C-MESMA) Approach for Analyzing Urban Environments
AbstractMultiple endmember spectral mixture analysis (MESMA) has been widely applied for estimating fractional land covers from remote sensing imagery. MESMA has proven effective in addressing inter-class and intra-class endmember variability by allowing pixel-specific endmember combinations. This method, however, assumes that each land cover type has an equal probability of being included in the model, and the one with the least estimation error (e.g., root mean square error) was chosen as the “best-fit” model. Such an approach may mistakenly include a land cover class in the model and overestimate its abundance, or it might omit a class from the model and subsequently lead to underestimation. To address this problem, this paper developed a land cover class-based multiple endmember spectral mixture analysis (C-MESMA) method. In particular, a support vector machine (SVM) method with reflectance spectra and spectral indices, including the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), the biophysical composition index (BCI), and the ratio normalized difference soil index (RNDSI), were employed to classify the image into six land cover classes: pure impervious surface area (ISA), pure vegetation, pure soil, ISA-vegetation, vegetation-soil, and vegetation-ISA-soil. With the information of land cover classes, an individual MESMA method was applied to each mixed class. Finally, the fractional maps were derived through integrating land cover fractions of each land cover class. Quantitative analysis of the resulting percent ISA (%ISA) and comparative analyses with traditional MESMA indicate that C-MESMA improved the estimation accuracy of %ISA. View Full-Text
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Deng, Y.; Wu, C. Development of a Class-Based Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis (C-MESMA) Approach for Analyzing Urban Environments. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 349.
Deng Y, Wu C. Development of a Class-Based Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis (C-MESMA) Approach for Analyzing Urban Environments. Remote Sensing. 2016; 8(4):349.Chicago/Turabian Style
Deng, Yingbin; Wu, Changshan. 2016. "Development of a Class-Based Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis (C-MESMA) Approach for Analyzing Urban Environments." Remote Sens. 8, no. 4: 349.
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