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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(11), 922; doi:10.3390/rs8110922

On the Potential of Robust Satellite Techniques Approach for SPM Monitoring in Coastal Waters: Implementation and Application over the Basilicata Ionian Coastal Waters Using MODIS‐Aqua

1
School of Engineering, University of Basilicata, Via dell’Ateneo Lucano 10, Potenza 85100, Italy
2
Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis (IMAA), CNR, C.da S. Loja, Tito Scalo (Pz) 85050, Italy
3
Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV), UMR 7093, CNRS/UPMC, Villefranche Sur Mer Cedex 06230, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Deepak R. Mishra, Xiaofeng Li and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 3 August 2016 / Revised: 24 October 2016 / Accepted: 28 October 2016 / Published: 5 November 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [10334 KB, uploaded 5 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Monitoring river plume dynamics and variations in complex coastal areas can provide useful information to prevent marine environmental damage. In this work, the Robust Satellite Techniques (RST) approach has been implemented and tested on historical series of Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data to monitor, for the first time, Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) anomalies associated to river plumes. To this aim, MODIS-Aqua Level 1A data were processed using an atmospheric correction adequate for coastal waters, and SPM daily maps were generated applying an algorithm adapted from literature. The RST approach was then applied to these maps to assess the anomalous presence of SPM. The study area involves the Basilicata region coastal waters (Ionian Sea, South of Italy). A long-time analysis (2003–2015) conducted for the month of December allows us to find that the maximum SPM concentration value was registered in December 2013, when an extreme hydrological event occurred. A short-time analysis was then carried out applying RST to monitor the dynamics of anomalous SPM concentrations. Finally, the most exposed areas, in terms of SPM concentration, were identified. The results obtained in this work showed the RST high potential when used in combination with standard SPM daily maps to better characterize and monitor coastal waters. View Full-Text
Keywords: Suspended Particulate Matter; MODIS; Robust Satellite Techniques (RST); Basilicata region coastal waters; river plume Suspended Particulate Matter; MODIS; Robust Satellite Techniques (RST); Basilicata region coastal waters; river plume
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Di Polito, C.; Ciancia, E.; Coviello, I.; Doxaran, D.; Lacava, T.; Pergola, N.; Satriano, V.; Tramutoli, V. On the Potential of Robust Satellite Techniques Approach for SPM Monitoring in Coastal Waters: Implementation and Application over the Basilicata Ionian Coastal Waters Using MODIS‐Aqua. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 922.

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