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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(8), 10715-10736; doi:10.3390/rs70810715

Monitoring Ground Subsidence in Hong Kong via Spaceborne Radar: Experiments and Validation

School of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, 47907 IN, USA
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Academic Editors: Richard Gloaguen and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 20 May 2015 / Revised: 10 August 2015 / Accepted: 13 August 2015 / Published: 20 August 2015
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Abstract

The persistent scatterers interferometry (PSI) technique is gradually becoming known for its capability of providing up to millimeter accuracy of measurement on ground displacement. Nevertheless, there is still quite a good amount of doubt regarding its correctness or accuracy. In this paper, we carried out an experiment corroborating the capability of the PSI technique with the help of a traditional survey method in the urban area of Hong Kong, China. Seventy three TerraSAR-X (TSX) and TanDEM-X (TDX) images spanning over four years are used for the data process. There are three aims of this study. The first is to generate a displacement map of urban Hong Kong and to check for spots with possible ground movements. This information will be provided to the local surveyors so that they can check these specific locations. The second is to validate if the accuracy of the PSI technique can indeed reach the millimeter level in this real application scenario. For validating the accuracy of PSI, four corner reflectors (CR) were installed at a construction site on reclaimed land in Hong Kong. They were manually moved up or down by a few to tens of millimeters, and the value derived from the PSI analysis was compared to the true value. The experiment, carried out in unideal conditions, nevertheless proved undoubtedly that millimeter accuracy can be achieved by the PSI technique. The last is to evaluate the advantages and limitations of the PSI technique. Overall, the PSI technique can be extremely useful if used in collaboration with other techniques, so that the advantages can be highlighted and the drawbacks avoided. View Full-Text
Keywords: synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR); persistent scatterers interferometry (PSI); TerraSAR-X (TSX); TanDEM-X (TDX); corner reflector (CR); validation test synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR); persistent scatterers interferometry (PSI); TerraSAR-X (TSX); TanDEM-X (TDX); corner reflector (CR); validation test
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Qin, Y.; Perissin, D. Monitoring Ground Subsidence in Hong Kong via Spaceborne Radar: Experiments and Validation. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 10715-10736.

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