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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(3), 2942-2951; doi:10.3390/rs70302942

Validation of a Simplified Model to Generate Multispectral Synthetic Images

Department of Projects and Rural Engineering, Campus Arrosadía, Public University of Navarre, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Richard Gloaguen and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 23 December 2014 / Revised: 20 February 2015 / Accepted: 4 March 2015 / Published: 12 March 2015
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Abstract

A new procedure to assess the quality of topographic correction (TOC) algorithms applied to remote sensing imagery was previously proposed by the authors. This procedure was based on a model that simulated synthetic scenes, representing the radiance an optical sensor would receive from an area under some specific conditions. TOC algorithms were then applied to synthetic scenes and the resulting corrected scenes were compared with a horizontal synthetic scene free of topographic effect. This comparison enabled an objective and quantitative evaluation of TOC algorithms. This approach showed promising results but had some shortcomings that are addressed herein. First, the model, originally built to simulate only broadband panchromatic scenes, is extended to multispectral scenes in the visible, near infrared (NIR), and short wave infrared (SWIR) bands. Next, the model is validated by comparing synthetic scenes with four Satellite pour l'Observation de la Terre 5 (SPOT5) real scenes acquired on different dates and different test areas along the Pyrenees mountain range (Spain). The results obtained show a successful simulation of all the spectral bands. Therefore, the model is deemed accurate enough for its purpose of evaluating TOC algorithms. View Full-Text
Keywords: topographic correction; synthetic images; model validation topographic correction; synthetic images; model validation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sola, I.; González-Audícana, M.; Álvarez-Mozos, J. Validation of a Simplified Model to Generate Multispectral Synthetic Images. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 2942-2951.

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