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Remote Sens. 2014, 6(6), 5732-5753; doi:10.3390/rs6065732

A Novel Clustering-Based Feature Representation for the Classification of Hyperspectral Imagery

The State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
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Received: 21 January 2014 / Revised: 30 May 2014 / Accepted: 4 June 2014 / Published: 18 June 2014
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Abstract

In this study, a new clustering-based feature extraction algorithm is proposed for the spectral-spatial classification of hyperspectral imagery. The clustering approach is able to group the high-dimensional data into a subspace by mining the salient information and suppressing the redundant information. In this way, the relationship between neighboring pixels, which was hidden in the original data, can be extracted more effectively. Specifically, in the proposed algorithm, a two-step process is adopted to make use of the clustering-based information. A clustering approach is first used to produce the initial clustering map, and, subsequently, a multiscale cluster histogram (MCH) is proposed to represent the spatial information around each pixel. In order to evaluate the robustness of the proposed MCH, four clustering techniques are employed to analyze the influence of the clustering methods. Meanwhile, the performance of the MCH is compared to three other widely used spatial features: the gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM), the 3D wavelet texture, and differential morphological profiles (DMPs). The experiments conducted on four well-known hyperspectral datasets verify that the proposed MCH can significantly improve the classification accuracy, and it outperforms other commonly used spatial features. View Full-Text
Keywords: classification; feature extraction; hyperspectral imagery; clustering-based feature classification; feature extraction; hyperspectral imagery; clustering-based feature
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, Q.; Huang, X.; Zhang, L. A Novel Clustering-Based Feature Representation for the Classification of Hyperspectral Imagery. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 5732-5753.

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