Remote Sens. 2013, 5(6), 2571-2589; doi:10.3390/rs5062571
Article

Topographic Correction of Wind-Driven Rainfall for Landslide Analysis in Central Taiwan with Validation from Aerial and Satellite Optical Images

Department of Civil Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 March 2013; in revised form: 11 May 2013 / Accepted: 13 May 2013 / Published: 23 May 2013
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Abstract: Rainfall intensity plays an important role in landslide prediction especially in mountain areas. However, the rainfall intensity of a location is usually interpolated from rainfall recorded at nearby gauges without considering any possible effects of topographic slopes. In order to obtain reliable rainfall intensity for disaster mitigation, this study proposes a rainfall-vector projection method for topographic-corrected rainfall. The topographic-corrected rainfall is derived from wind speed, terminal velocity of raindrops, and topographical factors from digital terrain model. In addition, scatter plot was used to present landslide distribution with two triggering factors and kernel density analysis is adopted to enhance the perception of the distribution. Numerical analysis is conducted for a historic event, typhoon Mindulle, which occurred in 2004, in a location in central Taiwan. The largest correction reaches 11%, which indicates that topographic correction is significant. The corrected rainfall distribution is then applied to the analysis of landslide triggering factors. The result with corrected rainfall distribution provides better agreement with the actual landslide occurrence than the result without correction.
Keywords: landslide occurrence; landslide susceptibility; remote sensing; geohazard; kernel density estimation; tropical cyclone

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.-K.; Shih, P.T. Topographic Correction of Wind-Driven Rainfall for Landslide Analysis in Central Taiwan with Validation from Aerial and Satellite Optical Images. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 2571-2589.

AMA Style

Liu J-K, Shih PT. Topographic Correction of Wind-Driven Rainfall for Landslide Analysis in Central Taiwan with Validation from Aerial and Satellite Optical Images. Remote Sensing. 2013; 5(6):2571-2589.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Jin-King; Shih, Peter T. 2013. "Topographic Correction of Wind-Driven Rainfall for Landslide Analysis in Central Taiwan with Validation from Aerial and Satellite Optical Images." Remote Sens. 5, no. 6: 2571-2589.

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