Remote Sens. 2013, 5(4), 1588-1602; doi:10.3390/rs5041588
Article

Estimating Crop Coefficients Using Remote Sensing-Based Vegetation Index

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Received: 11 January 2013; in revised form: 13 March 2013 / Accepted: 15 March 2013 / Published: 26 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Remote Sensing of Crop Water Use Estimation)
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Abstract: Crop coefficient (Kc)-based estimation of crop evapotranspiration is one of the most commonly used methods for irrigation water management. However, uncertainties of the generalized dual crop coefficient (Kc) method of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 56 can contribute to crop evapotranspiration estimates that are substantially different from actual crop evapotranspiration. Similarities between the crop coefficient curve and a satellite-derived vegetation index showed potential for modeling a crop coefficient as a function of the vegetation index. Therefore, the possibility of directly estimating the crop coefficient from satellite reflectance of a crop was investigated. The Kc data used in developing the relationship with NDVI were derived from back-calculations of the FAO-56 dual crop coefficients procedure using field data obtained during 2007 from representative US cropping systems in the High Plains from AmeriFlux sites. A simple linear regression model ( ) is developed to establish a general relationship between a normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) from a moderate resolution satellite data (MODIS) and the crop coefficient (Kc) calculated from the flux data measured for different crops and cropping practices using AmeriFlux towers. There was a strong linear correlation between the NDVI-estimated Kc and the measured Kc with an r2 of 0.91 and 0.90, while the root-mean-square error (RMSE) for Kc in 2006 and 2007 were 0.16 and 0.19, respectively. The procedure for quantifying crop coefficients from NDVI data presented in this paper should be useful in other regions of the globe to understand regional irrigation water consumption.
Keywords: crop coefficient; evapotranspiration; remote sensing; MODIS; NDVI; Nebraska
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kamble, B.; Kilic, A.; Hubbard, K. Estimating Crop Coefficients Using Remote Sensing-Based Vegetation Index. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 1588-1602.

AMA Style

Kamble B, Kilic A, Hubbard K. Estimating Crop Coefficients Using Remote Sensing-Based Vegetation Index. Remote Sensing. 2013; 5(4):1588-1602.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kamble, Baburao; Kilic, Ayse; Hubbard, Kenneth. 2013. "Estimating Crop Coefficients Using Remote Sensing-Based Vegetation Index." Remote Sens. 5, no. 4: 1588-1602.


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