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A Performance Review of Reflectance Based Algorithms for Predicting Phycocyanin Concentrations in Inland Waters
Remote Sensing Division, National Institute for Space Research, Avenida dos Astronautas, 1758, São José dos Campos, SP 12227-010, Brazil
Department of Geography, University of Georgia, 210 Field Street, Athens, GA 30602,USA
Dow Agrosciences, 9330 Zionsville Road, Indianapolis, IN 46268, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2013; in revised form: 23 September 2013 / Accepted: 23 September 2013 / Published: 26 September 2013
Abstract: We evaluated the accuracy and sensitivity of six previously published reflectance based algorithms to retrieve Phycocyanin (PC) concentration in inland waters. We used field radiometric and pigment data obtained from two study sites located in the United States and Brazil. All the algorithms targeted the PC absorption feature observed in the water reflectance spectra between 600 and 625 nm. We evaluated the influence of chlorophyll-a (chl-a) absorption on the performance of these algorithms in two contrasting environments with very low and very high cyanobacteria content. All algorithms performed well in low to moderate PC concentrations and showed signs of saturation or decreased sensitivity for high PC concentration with a nonlinear trend. MM09 was found to be the most accurate algorithm overall with a RMSE of 15.675%. We also evaluated the use of these algorithms with the simulated spectral bands of two hyperspectral space borne sensors including Hyperion and Compact High-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (CHRIS) and a hyperspectral air borne sensor, Hyperspectral Infrared Imager (HyspIRI). Results showed that the sensitivity for chl-a of PC retrieval algorithms for Hyperion simulated data were less noticable than using the spectral bands of CHRIS; HyspIRI results show that SC00 could be used for this sensor with low chl-a influence. This review of reflectance based algorithms can be used to select the optimal approach in studies involving cyanobacteria monitoring through optical remote sensing techniques.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; phycocyanin; chlorophyll-a; band ratio; remote sensing reflectance; hyperspectral sensors
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Ogashawara, I.; Mishra, D.R.; Mishra, S.; Curtarelli, M.P.; Stech, J.L. A Performance Review of Reflectance Based Algorithms for Predicting Phycocyanin Concentrations in Inland Waters. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 4774-4798.
Ogashawara I, Mishra DR, Mishra S, Curtarelli MP, Stech JL. A Performance Review of Reflectance Based Algorithms for Predicting Phycocyanin Concentrations in Inland Waters. Remote Sensing. 2013; 5(10):4774-4798.
Ogashawara, Igor; Mishra, Deepak R.; Mishra, Sachidananda; Curtarelli, Marcelo P.; Stech, José L. 2013. "A Performance Review of Reflectance Based Algorithms for Predicting Phycocyanin Concentrations in Inland Waters." Remote Sens. 5, no. 10: 4774-4798.