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Development of a New Ground Truth Database for Global Urban Area Mapping from a Gazetteer
AbstractWe developed a ground truth database for urban areas from the Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project (GRUMP) Settlement Points gazetteer of populated place names by visually interpreting 3,734 urban points on satellite images, thus acquiring 2,144 urban and 1,388 non-urban data points. Our database contained many more urban data points than the existing databases, which had only 0 to 11 ground truth data points. We used our database in combination with the Degree Confluence Project database to assess the accuracy of eight satellite-derived urban area maps, among which the MODIS Terra + Aqua Land Cover Type Yearly L3 Global 500 m SIN Grid was the most accurate (84% overall accuracy; kappa coefficient, 0.63). Moreover, the most recently published maps were not necessarily the most accurate. We compared the accuracy assessment results of our database with those of another database and found that ours detected more errors of commission but included less chance agreement.
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Miyazaki, H.; Iwao, K.; Shibasaki, R. Development of a New Ground Truth Database for Global Urban Area Mapping from a Gazetteer. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 1177-1187.View more citation formats
Miyazaki H, Iwao K, Shibasaki R. Development of a New Ground Truth Database for Global Urban Area Mapping from a Gazetteer. Remote Sensing. 2011; 3(6):1177-1187.Chicago/Turabian Style
Miyazaki, Hiroyuki; Iwao, Koki; Shibasaki, Ryosuke. 2011. "Development of a New Ground Truth Database for Global Urban Area Mapping from a Gazetteer." Remote Sens. 3, no. 6: 1177-1187.