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Analysis of Vegetation Behavior in a North African Semi-Arid Region, Using SPOT-VEGETATION NDVI Data
CESBIO (CNRS, IRD, CNES, UPS), 18 Avenue Edouard Belin, bpi 2801, 31401 Toulouse cedex 9, France
INAT, 43, Avenue Charles Nicolle 1082, Tunis-Mahrajène, Tunisia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 September 2011; in revised form: 14 November 2011 / Accepted: 14 November 2011 / Published: 29 November 2011
Abstract: The analysis of vegetation dynamics is essential in semi-arid regions, in particular because of the frequent occurrence of long periods of drought. In this paper, multi-temporal series of the Normalized Difference of Vegetation Index (NDVI), derived from SPOT-VEGETATION satellite data between September 1998 and June 2010, were used to analyze the vegetation dynamics over the semi-arid central region of Tunisia. A study of the persistence of three types of vegetation (pastures, annual agriculture and olive trees) is proposed using fractal analysis, in order to gain insight into the stability/instability of vegetation dynamics. In order to estimate the state of vegetation cover stress, we propose evaluating the properties of an index referred to as the Vegetation Anomaly Index (VAI). A positive VAI indicates high vegetation dynamics, whereas a negative VAI indicates the presence of vegetation stress. The VAI is tested for the above three types of vegetation, during the study period from 1998 to 2010, and is compared with other drought indices. The VAI is found to be strongly correlated with precipitation.
Keywords: vegetation; SPOT-VEGETATION; NDVI index; drought; persistence; Vegetation Drought Index
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Amri, R.; Zribi, M.; Lili-Chabaane, Z.; Duchemin, B.; Gruhier, C.; Chehbouni, A. Analysis of Vegetation Behavior in a North African Semi-Arid Region, Using SPOT-VEGETATION NDVI Data. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 2568-2590.
Amri R, Zribi M, Lili-Chabaane Z, Duchemin B, Gruhier C, Chehbouni A. Analysis of Vegetation Behavior in a North African Semi-Arid Region, Using SPOT-VEGETATION NDVI Data. Remote Sensing. 2011; 3(12):2568-2590.
Amri, Rim; Zribi, Mehrez; Lili-Chabaane, Zohra; Duchemin, Benoit; Gruhier, Claire; Chehbouni, Abdelghani. 2011. "Analysis of Vegetation Behavior in a North African Semi-Arid Region, Using SPOT-VEGETATION NDVI Data." Remote Sens. 3, no. 12: 2568-2590.