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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1637; doi:10.3390/su9091637

County-Rural Transformation Development from Viewpoint of “Population-Land-Industry” in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region under the Background of Rapid Urbanization

1
Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 July 2017 / Revised: 31 August 2017 / Accepted: 5 September 2017 / Published: 19 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Smart Cities and Smart Villages Research)
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Abstract

In recent years, rural transformation has gradually become the focus of scholars and governments in the context of global sustainable development; it is of great significance to achieve urban-rural integration and coordinated development through studying the spatial-temporal characteristics and driving mechanism of rural transformation development. This paper analyzes the spatial-temporal characteristics of county-rural transformation development through drawing into the transformation degree (TD) and coordination degree (CD) from the viewpoint of “population–land–industry” (PT-IT-LT) in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. It explores the mechanism of PT-IT-LT on the rural transformation in different stages through multi-element positioning in the same space coordinate system and carries out functional regionalization on the basis of transformation and coordination research. The results showed that: (1) The CD and TD were divided into four types, namely, the lower-level, low-level, middle-level and high-level, and had a similar changed tendency from 1990 to 2015, where the middle- and high-level were in the central counties of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and the lower- and low-level were in the other parts of the region. (2) According to the mechanism analysis, stages A and B were mainly influenced by industry transformation; stage D was affected by population transformation; and stage E was influenced by land transformation. (3) The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region was divided into an ecological conservation area, a key development area and a core leading area, according to the study, which would provide a scientific basis to achieve integration of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and regional strategic optimization. View Full-Text
Keywords: rural transformation; population-land-industry; coordination degree; Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region rural transformation; population-land-industry; coordination degree; Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region
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Li, J.; Yang, Y.; Jiang, N. County-Rural Transformation Development from Viewpoint of “Population-Land-Industry” in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region under the Background of Rapid Urbanization. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1637.

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