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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1611; doi:10.3390/su9091611

A Research on Electricity Generation from Wind Corridors of Pakistan (Two Provinces): A Technical Proposal for Remote Zones

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Mehran UET SZAB Khp Mir’s Campus, Khairpur 66020, Pakistan
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, Sukkur IBA University, Sukkur 65200, Pakistan
4
Department of Electrical Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro 76090, Pakistan
5
Department of Electrical Engineering, The Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences (BUITEMS), Quetta 87300, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 August 2017 / Revised: 2 September 2017 / Accepted: 6 September 2017 / Published: 12 September 2017
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Abstract

The non-renewable energy resources are limited and depleting gradually. As such, energy security has attained the greatest amount of attention globally than ever before. In the meantime, energy crises are already affecting the developing countries such as Pakistan, even though one-third of the population of the country is not even not connected to the national electricity grid. The population with access to on-grid electricity is enduring load shedding of more than 12 h a day. This situation is alarming and require immediate attention is required so as to add alternative energy resources to the country, which has long been relying on imported fuels. It is, therefore, high time that the abundant potential in the renewable energy resources of Pakistan such as solar, wind, and biomass are harnessed. These renewable energy resources are economical and environmentally friendly, and thus considered as sustainable, and the utilization of these in meeting energy demands can help to conserve conventional resources early diminishing. This paper provides a detailed description of the energy consumption and load-shedding scenario in Pakistan thereby focusing specifically Sindh and Baluchistan provinces. Since, wind energy is considered one of the cost-effective renewable resources, six potential sites in these two provinces are considered in this study. These sites lie within 250 km of the southeastern and 800 km of the southwestern regions of Pakistan. One-year wind speed data have been reported for variable heights of these proposed sites which represent to have an annual average wind speed of 6.63 m/s and 5.33 m/s respectively. The power generation data for these location of two provinces is 7.653 GWh, and 5.456 GWh per annum respectively. This study also elaborates on the advantages and disadvantages of harvesting and installing the wind energy and provides a technical proposal for the generation of electricity from the wind in the selected remote zones which are off the national grid. The findings of this paper will help concerned government departments to devise appropriate policies and attract investment in the wind energy sector to eradicate the on-going electricity crisis. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind energy; kWh generation; the Sindh/Baluchistan wind corridor; matrix converter; high voltage direct current (HVDC) wind energy; kWh generation; the Sindh/Baluchistan wind corridor; matrix converter; high voltage direct current (HVDC)
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Baloch, M.H.; Abro, S.A.; Sarwar Kaloi, G.; Mirjat, N.H.; Tahir, S.; Nadeem, M.H.; Gul, M.; Memon, Z.A.; Kumar, M. A Research on Electricity Generation from Wind Corridors of Pakistan (Two Provinces): A Technical Proposal for Remote Zones. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1611.

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