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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1538; doi:10.3390/su9091538

Surface Urban Heat Island Analysis of Shanghai (China) Based on the Change of Land Use and Land Cover

1
Center for Housing Innovations, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories 100000, Hong Kong, China
2
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
3
Key Lab of Lunar Science and Deep-space Exploration, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
4
Faculty of Information Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2017 / Revised: 20 August 2017 / Accepted: 22 August 2017 / Published: 29 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Heat Island)
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Abstract

In this paper, we present surface urban heat island (SUHI) analysis of Shanghai (China) based on the change in land use and land cover using satellite Landsat images from 2002 to 2013. With the rapid development of urbanization, urban ecological and environmental issues have aroused widespread concern. The urban heat island (UHI) effect is a crucial problem, as its generation and evolution are closely related to social and economic activities. Land-use and land-cover change (LUCC) is the key in analyzing the UHI effect. Shanghai, one of China’s major economic, financial and commercial centers, has experienced high development density for several decades. A tremendous amount of farmland and vegetation coverage has been replaced by an urban impervious surface, leading to an intensive SUHI effect, especially in the city’s center. Luckily, the SUHI trend has slowed due to reasonable urban planning and relevant green policies since the 2010 Expo. Data analyses demonstrate that an impervious surface (IS) has a positive correlation with land surface temperature (LST) but a negative correlation with vegetation and water. Among the three factors, impervious surface is the most relevant. Therefore, the policy implications of land use and control of impervious surfaces should pay attention to the relief of the current SUHI effect in Shanghai. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface urban heat island (SUHI); land-use and land-cover change (LUCC); land surface temperature (LST); Shanghai; NDVI; MNDWI surface urban heat island (SUHI); land-use and land-cover change (LUCC); land surface temperature (LST); Shanghai; NDVI; MNDWI
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, H.; Zhang, Y.; Tsou, J.Y.; Li, Y. Surface Urban Heat Island Analysis of Shanghai (China) Based on the Change of Land Use and Land Cover. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1538.

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