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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1530; doi:10.3390/su9091530

Risk Indicators and Road Accident Analysis for the Period 2012–2016

1
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Engineering, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Bd. Victoriei No. 10, 550024 Sibiu, Romania
2
Academy of Romanian Scientists, Splaiul Independentei, 54, Sector 5, 010071 Bucharest, Romania
3
Department of Management, Faculty of Management in Production and Transportation, Politehnica University of Timisoara, via Victoria Square No. 2, 300006 Timisoara, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 July 2017 / Revised: 24 August 2017 / Accepted: 24 August 2017 / Published: 28 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Risk Assessment and Management)
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Abstract

Road accidents are a major societal issue for every country. The purpose of this paper is to assess the number of traffic and road accidents depending on a series of variables (collision mode, road configuration, conditions of occurrence, road category, type of vehicle involved, personal factors, and length of time of the driving license) in Romania from 2012–2016. The analysis of the road accident trend identifies the causes of accidents, road safety performance indicators, and risk indicators. Having these identified data, a framework is proposed for improving the road safety system and reducing accidents. The Romanian Police, the National Institute of Statistics (NIS) in Romania, and the European Commission provided the data used for this analysis. The data obtained from these databases are analysed and evaluated according to a series of variables. This paper will outline an informative image of road accidents and establish a framework for reducing their effects in road transport. As a result of the analysis, we have seen that the combination of vehicles and personal factors influences the number of traffic and road accidents. View Full-Text
Keywords: road accident; traffic accident; risk indicator; road safety; road safety performance indicators road accident; traffic accident; risk indicator; road safety; road safety performance indicators
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Cioca, L.-I.; Ivascu, L. Risk Indicators and Road Accident Analysis for the Period 2012–2016. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1530.

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