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Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1496; doi:10.3390/su9091496

A Project Management Plan to Reach Sustainable Competitive Advantage for a Photovoltaic (PV) Manufacturer

1
School of Business, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau 999078, China
2
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung 411, Taiwan
3
Department of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2017 / Revised: 16 August 2017 / Accepted: 17 August 2017 / Published: 23 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [528 KB, uploaded 23 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

Because the skills, knowledge and management required for exploitation and exploration are contradictory, firms still struggle to utilize useful methods to keep exploitative and exploratory activities balanced. Thus, a mathematical model is proposed to challenge the above vacancy. First, in order to allocate limited resources flexibly when implementing projects, a computer-mediated social groupware with Delphi technique is developed to manage conflicts. However, these operations may result in path dependence or lock-in technologies in the long run. Then, second, in order to adjust unbalanced exploitation and exploration after a period of time, a fuzzy analytic network process with fuzzy goal programming is proposed to facilitate the selection of projects in exogenous and endogenous environments. After investigating a real case of a photovoltaic (PV) manufacturer, the paper concludes that a balanced exploration and exploitation can be achieved, and sustainable competitive advantages can subsequently be reached. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoltaic (PV); research and development (R & D) project management; fuzzy analytic network process; fuzzy goal programming photovoltaic (PV); research and development (R & D) project management; fuzzy analytic network process; fuzzy goal programming
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Chen, H.H.; Kang, H.-Y.; Lee, A.H.I. A Project Management Plan to Reach Sustainable Competitive Advantage for a Photovoltaic (PV) Manufacturer. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1496.

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