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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1491; doi:10.3390/su9081491

A Multiple Criteria Decision-Making Approach to Evaluate the Sustainability Indicators in the Villagers’ Lives in Iran with Emphasis on Earthquake Hazard: A Case Study

1
School of Engineering, University of Basilicata, 85100 Potenza, Italy
2
Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran 1417853933, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 August 2017 / Revised: 19 August 2017 / Accepted: 20 August 2017 / Published: 22 August 2017
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Abstract

Natural hazards such as earthquakes take place around the world and when combined with humans create natural disasters. Earthquakes, a form of natural hazard, have, in recent years, caused damage and destruction in many rural areas due to the lack of sustainability in political, economic, social, physical and operational criteria. Thus, to overcome the damage caused by earthquakes in rural areas, an assessment of sustainability status seems necessary to plan and strengthen in relation to the status of sustainability indicators. Data collection was performed through field methods and questionnaires. To test the hypothesis, T statistical methods, correlation method and F-test were performed using SPSS software (V22.0, IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA). The results of the study showed that villages were at a low and undesirable level for all aspects, except social index in terms of sustainability. Comparisons showed that there was a significant mean difference among villages in terms of sustainability. The multi-criteria decision-making analysis has been considered and applied to a ranking of villages in terms of sustainability against the hazard of earthquakes. Finally, in order to improve the sustainability indicators of villages, some strategies have been presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability indicators; natural hazards; earthquake; ELECTRE sustainability indicators; natural hazards; earthquake; ELECTRE
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Murgante, B.; Salmani, M.; Molaei Qelichi, M.; Hajilo, M. A Multiple Criteria Decision-Making Approach to Evaluate the Sustainability Indicators in the Villagers’ Lives in Iran with Emphasis on Earthquake Hazard: A Case Study. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1491.

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