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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1438; doi:10.3390/su9081438

The Effect of Urbanization and Farmland Transfer on the Spatial Patterns of Non-Grain Farmland in China

1
Institution of Land Resource Management, Hohai University, 8 W Focheng Road, Nanjing 211000, China
2
Key Laboratory of the Coastal Zone Exploitation and Protection, Ministry of Land and Resource, Nanjing 210024, China
3
School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, 163 Xianlin Road, Nanjing 210023, China
4
Department of Geography and Geographic Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
5
Department Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Utrecht University, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
6
China Land Surveying and Planning Institute, Beijing 100029, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 May 2017 / Revised: 29 July 2017 / Accepted: 4 August 2017 / Published: 15 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Land Use in China)
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Abstract

Rapid urbanization has accelerated farmland transfer in China, which in turn has increased the cultivation intensity of non-grain farmland (NGF). The aim of this paper was to analyze the spatial patterns of non-grain farmland (NGF) at municipal-level cities in China from 2000 to 2014, and explore the influence of urbanization and farmland transfer on the spatial patterns of non-grain farmland (NGF). The study found that both NGF area and share have a consistent variation trend which increased first, then decreased, and increased again. There were great differences between NGF area and share, which had various spatial patterns. Global Moran’s I of NGF area and share had strong positive spatial autocorrelations in 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2014, and revealed remarkable clustered spatial patterns. Local spatial autocorrelation analysis found that the spatial agglomeration pattern of the NGF area and the share changed significantly from 2000 to 2014. The spatial patterns of NGF were significantly influenced by regional differences in urbanization and farmland transfer. These results provide critical insights for formulating differential farmland transfer policies and policies for sustainable development of agriculture and rural economy in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: farmland transfer; non-grain farmland; spatial pattern; spatial econometric analysis; China farmland transfer; non-grain farmland; spatial pattern; spatial econometric analysis; China
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Zhao, X.; Zheng, Y.; Huang, X.; Kwan, M.-P.; Zhao, Y. The Effect of Urbanization and Farmland Transfer on the Spatial Patterns of Non-Grain Farmland in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1438.

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