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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1376; doi:10.3390/su9081376

Environmental and Socio-Economic Analysis of Naphtha Reforming Hydrogen Energy Using Input-Output Tables: A Case Study from Japan

Center for Creation of Symbiosis Society with Risk (CCSSR), Yokohama National University, 79-5 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan
Received: 31 May 2017 / Revised: 31 July 2017 / Accepted: 1 August 2017 / Published: 4 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrogen Economy: Technology and Social Issue)
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Abstract

Comprehensive risk assessment across multiple fields is required to assess the potential utility of hydrogen energy technology. In this research, we analyzed environmental and socio-economic effects during the entire life cycle of a hydrogen energy system using input-output tables. The target system included hydrogen production by naphtha reforming, transportation to hydrogen stations, and FCV (Fuel Cell Vehicle) refilling. The results indicated that 31%, 44%, and 9% of the production, employment, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission effects, respectively, during the manufacturing and construction stages were temporary. During the continuous operation and maintenance stages, these values were found to be 69%, 56%, and 91%, respectively. The effect of naphtha reforming was dominant in GHG emissions and the effect of electrical power input on the entire system was significant. Production and employment had notable effects in both the direct and indirect sectors, including manufacturing (pumps, compressors, and chemical machinery) and services (equipment maintenance and trade). This study used data to introduce a life cycle perspective to environmental and socio-economic analysis of hydrogen energy systems and the results will contribute to their comprehensive risk assessment in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen energy system; socio-economic effect; environmental effect; input-output table; life cycle inventory analysis hydrogen energy system; socio-economic effect; environmental effect; input-output table; life cycle inventory analysis
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Hienuki, S. Environmental and Socio-Economic Analysis of Naphtha Reforming Hydrogen Energy Using Input-Output Tables: A Case Study from Japan. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1376.

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