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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1347; doi:10.3390/su9081347

Measuring Efficiency and Effectiveness of Highway Management in Sustainability

1
Community Wellbeing Research Center, Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
Social Disaster & Safety Management Center, College of Liberal Arts, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2017 / Revised: 20 July 2017 / Accepted: 21 July 2017 / Published: 1 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

This study analyses efficiency and effectiveness of highway management at the state level in the United States. While the current literature on highway management has contributed to understanding infrastructure budget and finance, the relationship between efficiency and effectiveness measurements has not been sufficiently discussed in the context of sustainability. To fill this gap, this study was systemically designed to test the relationship by controlling the states’ political factors, fiscal capacity, median voter, and economic conditions. Data envelopment and principal component analysis with panel data covering 11-year time waves were used to measure both efficiency and effectiveness. The results of the fixed effects model and the spatial autoregressive panel model show a statistically strong relationship between efficiency and effectiveness which are respectively measured by two analysis approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: highway management; sustainability; efficiency; effectiveness; data envelopment analysis highway management; sustainability; efficiency; effectiveness; data envelopment analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Choi, N.; Jung, K. Measuring Efficiency and Effectiveness of Highway Management in Sustainability. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1347.

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