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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1346; doi:10.3390/su9081346

Cultural Heritage and Urban Tourism: Historic City Centres under Pressure

Department of Human Geography, Research Group “Tourism, heritage and development”, Faculty of Geography and History, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, C/Profesor Aranguren, s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
This text is part of the results from the project entitled Transformaciones del paisaje urbano histórico inducidas por el turismo: contradicciones y controversias, gobierno y gobernanza (Transformations in the historic urban landscape brought about by tourism: contradictions and controversies, government and governance). Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Ministry of the Economy and Competitiveness). Government of Spain. 2016 Call for Applications under the State Programme for Research, Development and Innovation (Challenges of Society). Reference: CSO2016-75470-R.
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Received: 29 April 2017 / Revised: 7 July 2017 / Accepted: 26 July 2017 / Published: 4 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural Tourism and Sustainability)
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Abstract

Historic city centres of European cities are one of the most important elements of the European cultural heritage. They are places that attract many visitors due to their relevance in terms of heritage, but the recent growth of tourist flows constitutes a threat to the conservation of their values. In some European cities, such as Venice or Barcelona, the debate has taken to the streets, and there is significant social mobilization taking place, with very belligerent positions against tourism (anti-tourism, tourismphobia). The mass media also generates discourse on the topic and places the debate on urban tourism sustainability at the forefront of the public debate. In this context, this article reviews the state of the art on tourism impact and identifies, describes and evaluates the different dimensions of tourist pressure based on a case study: the historic centre of the city of Donostia-San Sebastián (Basque Country, Spain). The main goal of the research is to help determine how tourist pressure affects the safeguarding of “historic urban landscapes” and the desirable or desired models of city and tourist destination. View Full-Text
Keywords: cultural tourism; urban tourism; tourism impact; historic urban landscape; Donostia-San Sebastián cultural tourism; urban tourism; tourism impact; historic urban landscape; Donostia-San Sebastián
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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García-Hernández, M.; de la Calle-Vaquero, M.; Yubero, C. Cultural Heritage and Urban Tourism: Historic City Centres under Pressure. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1346.

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