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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1315; doi:10.3390/su9081315

Location Selection for Wind Farms Using GIS Multi-Criteria Hybrid Model: An Approach Based on Fuzzy and Rough Numbers

1
Department of logistic, University of Defence in Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
2
Department of geography, University of Defence in Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
3
Department of military-chemical engineering, University of Defence in Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 June 2017 / Revised: 25 July 2017 / Accepted: 25 July 2017 / Published: 27 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
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Abstract

This paper presents spatial mathematical model in order to identify sites for the wind farms installment which can have significant support for the planners in the area of strategy and management of wind power use. The suggested model is based on combined use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) with multi-criteria techniques of Best-Worst method (BWM) and MultiAttributive Ideal-Real Comparative Analysis (MAIRCA). Rough numbers and fuzzy logic are used to exploit uncertainty during data analysis in spatial mathematical model. The model is applied on the case study. Rough BWM model is used to determine weight coefficients of the criteria and rough MAIRCA method is used to rank separated sustainable locations. The implementation of MAIRCA method has shown that the location L3 is the most suitable for the wind farm in the area covered in the case study. Therefore, the suggested spatial mathematical model can be successfully used to identify the potential suitable sites for the wind farms in other areas with similar geographic conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: GIS; rough BWM; rough MAIRCA; renewable energy; rough numbers GIS; rough BWM; rough MAIRCA; renewable energy; rough numbers
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pamučar, D.; Gigović, L.; Bajić, Z.; Janošević, M. Location Selection for Wind Farms Using GIS Multi-Criteria Hybrid Model: An Approach Based on Fuzzy and Rough Numbers. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1315.

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