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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1306; doi:10.3390/su9081306

Exploring Landscape Perceptions of Bukhansan National Park According to the Degree of Visitors’ Experience

1
Interdisciplinary Program in Landscape Architecture, Seoul National University, 1, Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
Graduate School of Environment Studies, Seoul National University, 1, Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 June 2017 / Revised: 20 July 2017 / Accepted: 20 July 2017 / Published: 26 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

This study explores differing landscape perceptions of Bukhansan National Park according to the degree of visitors’ familiarity, and discusses the utilization of commonality and diversity of landscape perception in sustainable landscape management. Visitor-employed photography (VEP) was used to capture the overall response to experiencing landscape directly on-site. According to the degree of familiarity of national parks, visitors were recruited into two groups: inexperienced group (the novice group) and experienced group (the veteran group). We collected photographs and photo-logs of liked and disliked landscape from the participants. Additional interviews were conducted to supplement the content of the photo-logs. The objects of landscape were classified into spatial configurations and specific elements. The cognitive process of landscape perception is divided into four stages: perceptual, expressive, interpretative, and symbolic. Emphasizing the narrative aspects of landscape, accepting and interpreting the phenomenon can vary according to an individual's interest and background. We used semantic network analysis to analyze the content of participants’ photo-logs. The content at the interpretative level showed that the two groups had very different perceptions of anthropic elements. The novice group emphasized walkability and accessibility, while the veteran group regarded naturalness and historicity as more important. In conclusion, it is a very useful way to analyze the differences of perceptions of two visitors, both the novice group and the veteran group to grasp the positive or negative perceptions of people’s impacts on the landscape. Understanding the value of relevant visitors through analysis results is one way to resolve potential conflicts. View Full-Text
Keywords: landscape preferences; on-site landscape perception; familiarity; visitor employed photography; semantic network analysis; national parks management landscape preferences; on-site landscape perception; familiarity; visitor employed photography; semantic network analysis; national parks management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lee, K.-C.; Son, Y.-H. Exploring Landscape Perceptions of Bukhansan National Park According to the Degree of Visitors’ Experience. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1306.

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