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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1259; doi:10.3390/su9071259

The Effects of Greenbelt Policies on Land Development: Evidence from the Deregulation of the Greenbelt in the Seoul Metropolitan Area

1
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
Institute of Land Science and Property Management, School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
3
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
4
Jiangxi Institute of Economic Development, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 June 2017 / Revised: 9 July 2017 / Accepted: 12 July 2017 / Published: 18 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
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Abstract

Greenbelt policies are important urban containment policies. On the one hand, they can effectively control the disorderly growth of a city; on the other hand, they can cause other social problems because of their strict control over land development. This paper uses data from 2000 and 2010 and the difference-in-differences (DID) method to evaluate the effects of greenbelt deregulation policies on urban land development in the Seoul metropolitan area (SMA) through a quasi-natural experiment. The results show that first, the deregulation of the greenbelt has significantly furthered urban land development that was not caused by economic development or other factors. Second, the greenbelt deregulation had no significant effects on urban land development in the city centers, but has furthered urban land development near the boundary of Seoul City and greenbelt boundaries. Third, in terms of the effects on land development, the greenbelt deregulation has resulted in regional heterogeneity. Specifically, the greenbelt deregulation has had a significant impact on the urban land development in the southern section of the Han River, whereas the effects of the greenbelt deregulation in the northern area of the Han River are not as obvious. View Full-Text
Keywords: greenbelt policy; greenbelt deregulation; urban containment policy; land development; difference-in-differences method; sustainable urban development greenbelt policy; greenbelt deregulation; urban containment policy; land development; difference-in-differences method; sustainable urban development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Han, H.; Huang, C.; Ahn, K.-H.; Shu, X.; Lin, L.; Qiu, D. The Effects of Greenbelt Policies on Land Development: Evidence from the Deregulation of the Greenbelt in the Seoul Metropolitan Area. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1259.

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