The Relationships between Urban Form and Urban Commuting: An Empirical Study in China
AbstractUrban sustainable development strategies are of great importance to rapidly urbanized countries such as China. One of the most challenging problems is how to coordinate urban spatial development with social efficiency and environmental protection, e.g., highly efficient low-carbon urban traffic. Despite broad research efforts with respect to the influence of urban form on travel patterns, questions persist as to the impact of compact urban form on travel distance and modes. In this study, we adopted urban form metrics to capture key dimensions of urban form with the aid of image processing and spatial analysis based on satellite images and statistical data from the cases of 35 cities. Combined with urban travel survey data, we empirically examined the relationships between urban form and travel patterns of local urban residents. The results showed that urban form and travel patterns have regionalized characteristics, e.g., the eastern cities are characterized by disperse urban development patterns and longer commuting times on average compared with western and central cities. We found that relatively smaller built-up areas, higher degrees of urban spatial agglomeration and more paved road area per person would decrease the commuting time of urban residents. We also found that the public transport choices of urban residents are positively associated with built-up areas and commuting times, which suggests the need for provision and promotion of facilities for a high-quality public transport system. The findings provide helpful suggestions for the planning of sustainable urban form and development of transportation. View Full-Text
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Song, Y.; Shao, G.; Song, X.; Liu, Y.; Pan, L.; Ye, H. The Relationships between Urban Form and Urban Commuting: An Empirical Study in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1150.
Song Y, Shao G, Song X, Liu Y, Pan L, Ye H. The Relationships between Urban Form and Urban Commuting: An Empirical Study in China. Sustainability. 2017; 9(7):1150.Chicago/Turabian Style
Song, Yu; Shao, Guofan; Song, Xiaodong; Liu, Yong; Pan, Lei; Ye, Hong. 2017. "The Relationships between Urban Form and Urban Commuting: An Empirical Study in China." Sustainability 9, no. 7: 1150.